Georgian National Clothes

Georgian national clothes, known as "Chokha" or "Chokhas," have a rich history that dates back several centuries and are a significant part of Georgia's cultural heritage. These traditional garments are not only a symbol of Georgian national identity but also a reflection of the country's historical and geographical diversity.

Historical Significance

The Chokha originated in the Caucasus region and has been a part of Georgian attire since at least the 9th century. It was originally a form of military dress, worn by Georgian warriors, and over time, it evolved into a symbol of national pride and cultural identity. The Chokha became a popular everyday outfit by the 18th century, worn by men of all social classes.

Design and Variations

The Chokha is a knee-length overcoat, typically made from wool or felt, and is characterized by its high collar and close-fitting silhouette. It is often adorned with intricate embroidery, especially along the chest, where bullet-like decorative cartridges called "Masri" are placed in horizontal rows. These cartridges were originally functional, used to hold gunpowder or bullets, but now serve as purely decorative elements.

There are several regional variations of the Chokha, each with its unique style and details. For example, the Khevsurian Chokha from the mountainous regions of Georgia features rich embroidery and metal decorations, while the Kartl-Kakhetian Chokha from eastern Georgia is simpler and often worn with a tall papakha hat.

Modern Revival

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in traditional Georgian clothing, with the Chokha being embraced as a symbol of national pride. It is now commonly worn during cultural events, weddings, and national celebrations. Georgian designers have also incorporated elements of the Chokha into contemporary fashion, creating modern interpretations that pay homage to this historic garment.


Georgian national clothes, particularly the Chokha, hold a special place in the hearts of Georgians. They are not only a testament to the country's rich history and cultural diversity but also a living tradition that continues to evolve and inspire. As Georgia looks to the future, the Chokha remains a cherished symbol of its past, present, and future.

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